The Genealogy of Jesus Christ – Luke 3:23-38 – Skip Heitzig

Introduction: Welcome to Expound our verse-by-verse
study of God’s Word. Our goal is to expand your knowledge of the truth of God by explaining
the Word of God in a way that is interactive, enjoyable, and congregational. Skip Heitzig: Okay, so we’re going to have
a Bible study right now and even though we’re outside—and outside always has the potential
to be a little more, you know, it could be distracting, because it’s just so beautiful
and a bird might fly by and you might have severe ADD, and who knows. But I’m going to
ask that everyone finds a seat and remains in the seat, and we give reverence to the
Word of God and as it’s being taught. Because what I’m going to teach tonight is a little
bit of what we started to go through last week. And I’m going to do what—well, nobody
ever really does what I’m about to do. I mean, at least I haven’t heard it. And you wouldn’t
probably hear this at a communion service. But I’m going to talk about names. I’m going
to talk about a genealogy that is found in the Bible. Now, as we get started—hold on. I brought
another book with me besides my Bible. And this book is so heavy that when I put it on
the music stand and lifted it up, it just collapsed it. So this is a book that I have
at home. And I have a lot of books at home. I have a study with lots of different materials.
But of all of the books in my library—and some are very precious and some are even signed
by people who are now in heaven—this is one of the most precious, because it is in
part a record of my genealogy. It is a record about my family, at least the part that they
played in settling a little place in Wyoming called Laramie County, Wyoming. And it tells
me that my grandfather and my grandmother on my dad’s side were married in Denver, Colorado. And then they in the United States Homestead
Act moved up to Wyoming and settled this piece of land. And why it’s precious to me is because
there’s a couple pictures of my grandfather. I never met my grandfather. He died before
I was born, on my dad’s side. So the only surviving photographs that I have of my grandpa
on my dad’s side are in this book when he is homesteading a piece of land. So it’s precious
to me. It wouldn’t—it really wouldn’t be a book that you would pick up and buy if it
were in a store. You wouldn’t care. You go through this book, it’s a list of names and
their family, but to those who are in the genealogy it’s very precious. And in the gospel
of Luke we find a family record, a family history of the King of Kings and Lord of Lords
the Lord Jesus Christ. And today, nowadays finding where you came
from in your genealogy is pretty popular. There’s all sorts of websites you can go to
that will help you find out your family tree. And one time I went over the Austria where
my mother’s family came from and I had a little card to search my great-grandfather’s burial
place in a place called Gibian, Austria. And so I was looking for my dad’s genealogy in
this book, and then my mom’s genealogy over in the old country of Austria. The names that
are found in the gospel of Luke in chapter 3, if you turn your Bibles there, a lot of
them are hard names. In fact, if you ever came across this in your devotional time,
you probably just noticed it, you glanced over it, and you may have even ignored it
because of these names. But I’m here to tell you that sometimes the
driest orchards yield the sweetest fruit. And sometimes what appears to be the driest
part of Scripture yields some of the greatest truths about the Lord. And I think we have
that in the genealogies. Just a word about this portion of Scripture: it’s a part of
Scripture. It’s as much of Scripture as “for God so loved the world that he gave his only
begotten Son.” It’s in the Book. And what Paul told Timothy was “All Scripture is given
by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for
instruction in righteousness, that the man of God or woman of God might be complete,
mature, and fruitful in every good work.” What’s important about the genealogy of Jesus
Christ, this list of names, it shows us that Jesus was a part of history. It goes back and covers certain portions of
Old Testament history as it leads up to Jesus being born in Bethlehem. And it’s important
that you remember that the gospels appeal to history. It’s not just a story about a
person who just floated out of heaven but had no historical background. The Bible appeals
to history and the focal point of all history is the birth of Christ. This is 2014 AD or
2014 years anno Domini, “in the year of our Lord.” We have divided history by the birth
of Christ: everything before him was before Christ, BC; every after him is in the year
of our Lord. You can’t write a check that is valid unless you attest in the upper right-hand
corner to the birth of Christ. No document is legal unless it is dated, which makes an
attestation to the birth of Christ. So it shows us that Jesus was a part of history. The second thing the genealogy shows us is
that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of prophecy. Now, we’re not going to go through all the
different prophecies. We have done that in other studies. But so many of the Old Testament
Scriptures predicted where he would be born, what lineage he would be from, that after
he was born he and his family would go to Egypt before they would come back. So this
makes Jesus Christ unique, is that we’re dealing with a person from history who has prophecy
about him being born, and what he would do, and how he would die, etcetera. That makes
him unique. I don’t think you had somebody give prophecy about you. I never did in my
family. In my lineage there was never some Uncle Fred who said, “Thus saith Fred: A boy
named Skip will one day be born.” I didn’t have that, did you? But Jesus had several of those, so he is the
fulfillment of prophecy. Though, by the way, when my son, before he was born, when my wife
Lenya was pregnant, we had some very interesting people approach us who at that time were a
part of this church. And many of them said, “The Lord spoke to me and told me that you
were going to have a girl.” [laughter] And then others would come and say, “The Lord
spoke to me and told me you were going to have a boy.” Well, you know, I figure you
got a fifty/fifty chance of being right. And half of them were right, and a good majority
of them were wrong. But all the prophecies that deal with Jesus Christ were 100 percent
accurate and-and many of the predictions that were made about Jesus were made to the very
people that are mentioned in this genealogy. Abraham is one of them. The Lord said, “In
you all of the nations of the earth will be blessed.” That’s a prophecy about Jesus Christ
who would be born and be able to bless the world with salvation. There’s a promise God
made to David that his family and his kingdom would endure forever. It’s a prophecy about
Jesus Christ ruling and reigning forever and ever. So Jesus is a part of history. It tells
us that Jesus is the fulfillment of prophecy. It also tells us something else: the genealogy
found in the book of Luke tells us that Jesus Christ had the right pedigree. Now let me
explain. Genealogies were important to Jewish people. If you wanted to buy or sell land,
you had to prove, produce a genealogical record. Why? Because the land had to stay within your
tribal allotment. It couldn’t go to another tribe. The way that the Lord preserved the different
tribal allotments of the twelve tribes was through genealogy, genealogical records. So
to buy or sell land you had to produce a genealogical record. Number two, it was important to the
Jews if you were in the priesthood. You could not serve in the priesthood unless you could
prove your direct lineage all the way back to Aaron. You had to prove through successive
generations that you were directly related to Aaron. Moreover, if you were a priest and
you married a wife, she had to produce her generations five generations back. So it was
very, very important. The third reason it was important to Jewish people—and that
brings this to bear, what we’re dealing with in Luke—anybody claiming to be the Messiah
had to prove it by a genealogical record. If somebody comes along and says, “I am the
Messiah”—and, by the way, thousands of people in history have done that. The Jewish person
would say, “Really? Well, what family do you come from? Who were your parents and grandparents?
And what tribe are you from?” Because there are predictions that he would be of the tribe
of Judah, of the lineage of King David, etcetera, etcetera. Several years ago a man showed up
in my office and said he was Jesus Christ. Actually, I was told by a secretary. She came
in and her face was sort of pale, and she said, “I don’t know how to tell you this,
but there’s a fella out in the foyer who says he’s Jesus.” And I said, “Great! I’ve always
wanted to meet Jesus face-to-face. [laughter] I’d love to—show him in.” So he came and
he said, “My name is Jesus.” And I said, “Well, okay, a lot of people’s
name—I mean, are you Jesús or—” “No, no. My name is—I am Jesus the Messiah.”
I said, “Really?” I said, “What tribe are you from?” And he looked at me with a blank
look, like, “I don’t even know how to answer that question.” And then I—since he couldn’t
answer the question—said, “Okay, what city were you born in?” Because, you know, the
prophets said you had to be born in Bethlehem, right, Micah chapter 5 verse 2? So I said,
“Where were you born?” He goes, “Pittsburgh.” [laughter] So I spoke to him just for a few
minutes and then I rather politely, but definitely firmly pointed toward the door. And I said,
“Until you are ready to stop telling me that you are Jesus Christ, there’s the door. You
can go through it and never coming back this way in it until there’s a change.” But he claimed to be Jesus, but he had no
genealogical proof. So genealogies were important and Jesus shows that he has the right pedigree.
This is the family album of the King of Kings. So it begins in chapter 3 of the gospel of
Luke. And I know we read it last week. We just sort of got through the names. But look
at verse 23, “Now Jesus himself began his ministry at about thirty-three years of age,
being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph,” and then it says, “the son of Heli.” If you’re
familiar at all with the Gospels, you know that this is not the only genealogical record
of Jesus. Where’s the other one found? Matthew, chapter 1. It begins with the genealogical
record. It’s a little different than this one. And here are the differences: the one in Matthew
is a descending genealogy, it goes from Abraham and descends; the one here is an ascending
genealogy, begins with Joseph and then goes to Heli and then goes backwards. So it’s different
in the way it’s stated. The names, when it comes to the generations between David and
Abraham, are identical. But once we get to King David there’s a difference between Matthew’s
record and Luke’s record. Different names are used, because we have two different family
trees that are mentioned in these two genealogies. Let me just cut to the chase and tell you
that the gospel of Matthew is Joseph’s genealogy; the gospel of Luke most scholars believe is
Mary’s genealogy. You say, “But I’m confused, Skip. Why does it say “Joseph,” and then it
says “the son of Heli?” Well, let me explain to you why that is. Number
one, we know that Joseph’s genealogy is the one in Matthew because it says it is. That
is Joseph’s heritage. And we know that Joseph’s dad was a guy named Iakób or Jacob as stated
in chapter 1 of Matthew. That is Joseph’s genealogy, it plainly says that. Here’s the
second reason we believe this is Mary’s genealogy in Luke: Luke does something none of the gospel
writers do, they emphasize Mary at the beginning chapters of the gospel of Luke, and don’t
put much emphasis at all on Joseph. Luke does that—emphasizes Mary, not much emphasis
on Joseph. However, Matthew emphasizes Joseph and doesn’t put much emphasis on Mary. So
we believe that just as it says in Matthew, Matthew is Joseph’s genealogy, and Luke is
Mary’s genealogy. There’s a third reason: women were not named
in genealogical records usually. And in Luke there’s no women named. Now, there are women
named in Matthew, but typically you don’t name them. It’s just the male lineage: “the
son of . . . ,” “the son of . . . ,” “the father of . . . .” That’s how genealogical
records typically are presented. So because that is true, we would expect then to find
Joseph’s name in the genealogical record. Why? Now, this is where I need your attention.
I’m banking on you who have been with me on Wednesday nights in the book of Numbers to
remember a chapter that we uncovered and looked at a couple of different ways. In chapter
27 of Numbers there were the daughters of Zelophehad. Do you remember that name? Anybody?
Okay, some of you are nodding. The daughters of Zelophehad went to Moses
and said, “Okay, there’s no males in our family to get the land. I think that we should not
lose our land allotment just because there’s no dude whose name can be in the genealogical
records.” So we have here in Luke an application of that Old Testament principle where Joseph
is mentioned, because Heli, who is the father of Mary, in a sense adopts Joseph as his own
son for land purposes, because there were no males in the family. It’s based on that
chapter 27 of Numbers with that “daughters of Zelophehad” ruling, that if you were with
us on Wednesday night you remember. Here’s a fourth reason: when it says “the son of
. . . ,” “the son of . . . ,” the son of . . . ,” which you read a lot, and we’re going to read them
again in just a moment, the word “son” has a broader term than the actual blood son of
somebody. For instance, if you’re a Jewish male and
at age thirteen you become a “son of the commandment,” bar mitzvah. Bar mitzvah, that means “son
of the commandment.” You’re not literally born from a commandment. The commandment isn’t
your dad. It’s a term, it’s a broad term. And the term has been used and is used here
and could mean son-in-law as well as a direct descendant. So it’s a broad term. Okay, I’m
going to give you one more reason, okay, because I just want to nail this down. In the Greek
language there’s a little word that would be spelled T-O-U, tou, and it means “of.”
It’s in the genitive case and it means ownership. And so all through this genealogical record
you have the son of this, the son of that, the son of this, the son of that. And that
little word T-O-U is used. It’s used in every single name except one,
and that’s the name of Joseph in the original. So all of that is say to you: we can safely
say Matthew is a record of the genealogy of Joseph all the way back to Abraham; Luke is
a genealogy of Mary all the way back to Abraham and all the way back to Adam. What does that
give us then? We have the legal record in Matthew, and we have the racial record in
Luke. Now follow me carefully here. For Jesus to ever lay claim to the throne of David—that’s
the promise God gave to David, that someone from your lineage will rule and reign forever—that
that son of David, which Jesus is called “the son of David,” has so show that he has the
legal right to the throne of David. And he does through Joseph, but we know that Joseph
was not the literal father. But Jesus would have the legal right to reign
because he is legal son of Joseph. But when it comes to racial purity, that’s where we
come to Mary. Okay, now hopefully all of you are asking this question: “So what?! [laughter]
You spent a long time talking about a lot of names and genealogical records and why
one is this and one is that—who cares!” Let me tell you why it’s so important. That’s
why I say the driest orchards can yield the sweetest fruit. Because it solves for us the
biggest problem in the Old Testament. Did you know that there was a problem in the Old
Testament? Did you know that the line of King David had been cursed? The blood lineage of
King David had been cursed, which poses a problem for God: How is his Son going to be
the son of David who rules over the world if the bloodline is cursed? That’s the problem. Okay, I’m going to answer that question. Let’s
read the genealogical record. Verse 24—verse 23, “The son of Heli, the son the son of Matthat,
the son of Levi [or Leví], the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, the son
of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai,
the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of
Judah, the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel,
the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam,
the son of Er, the son of [not José, but Yose or] Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son
of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of [ Leví] Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah,
the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menan,
the son of Mattathah,” I got messed up on that one last week too. “The son of Nathan, the son of David, the
son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon,
the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of
Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the
son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the
son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah,
the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son
of Mahalalel, the son of Caīnan [or Cāinan], the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son
of Adam, the son of God,” or the direct creation of God. He was made what we say ex nihilo,
a direct creation of God. Now, Jesus had no human father. How is he
going to be a direct blood descendant through his father? He can’t be because he had no
human father. He has to have it through his mother. So there are two genealogies: one
is the legal right; one is the biological bloodline. Now I said it solves a problem.
I’m going to turn, and you can turn, and this is where we close, in Jeremiah 22. It will
be displayed for you and I will explain it to you. Jeremiah 22 shows you the biggest
problem of the Old Testament that these two genealogies solve. You ready to find it? Chapter
22, I’ll begin in verse 26. The Lord is predicting that the Jews will go into captivity by the
Babylonians, by the Chaldeans. He says, “So I will cast you out, and your mother who bore
you, into another country where you were not born; and there you shall die.” “But to the land to which they desire to return,
there they shall not return. ‘Is this man Coniah a despised, broken idol—a vessel
in which is no pleasure? Why are they cast out, he and his descendants, and cast into
a land which they do not know? O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the Lord! Thus says
the Lord: “Write this man down as childless, a man who shall not prosper in his days; for
none of his descendants shall prosper, sitting on the throne of David, and ruling anymore
in Judah.” ‘ ” Who is Coniah? Coniah, another name for him is Jechoniah, another name for
him is Jehoiachin. I know they’re weird names. He was one of the kings of Judah who was a
direct bloodline descendant of King David. Here in Jeremiah God places a curse on his
bloodline, which poses a problem for God. If the bloodline, the royal line of David
is now cursed with a blood curse, how can the son of David, who will eventually come,
rule and reign, the bloodline is cursed? Now you read the prophecy with me. It said none
of his descendants will sit on the throne of David anymore, and that prophecy literally
came true. After Jechoniah, also known as Coniah, also known as Jehoiachin, after he
was deposed from him throne, he had none of his own descendants sit on the throne. His
uncle took the throne, and then a couple other different people until eventually they were
taken captive. So listen, in Matthew’s genealogy it follows the line all the way back to David
through King Solomon, including Jechoniah on whom the blood curse was pronounced. What that shows is that Jesus has the legal
right to the throne through the royal line of David: David, Solomon, Rehoboam—all the
rest. But that bloodline is cursed, right? When we come to Luke’s gospel, the genealogy
goes back to David, not through King Solomon, not through the royal line, the reigning line,
it takes a bifurcation. It takes a turn and it goes tracing the lineage of David, not
through Solomon, but through the second surviving son of Bathsheba named Nathan. That bloodline
was not cursed. You follow me? So what we have is God getting around his own curse.
How does he do that? By having his son virgin born, virgin born. Because the father’s bloodline
is cursed. So what? Joseph isn’t the father. Jesus was conceived in the womb of Mary by
the Holy Spirit. But Mary’s pure bloodline, uncursed bloodline
traces all the way back to King David. So Jesus has the legal right to reign through
Joseph, though bloodline is cursed, he still he still can maintain the legal right, but
the bloodline is pure on Mary’s side. So God effectively curses the bloodline, and then
gets around his own curse by having the Messiah born of a virgin. This is why the virgin birth
is absolutely essential to salvation, absolutely essential. You go, “I don’t know about the
virgin birth thing. I don’t know if I can hang with that.” Really? Everything in your
life for heaven and earth depends on the virgin birth—everything, everything. And so Isaiah
the prophet said this would be the sign, “The virgin will conceive and bear a Son and you
will call his name Immanuel.” And the very first hint of the virgin birth
is back in Genesis, chapter 3, when God says the Seed of the woman—remember that little
phrase? The Seed of the woman will crush the head of the serpent, Satan’s head. Now that
term, “the Seed of the woman,” is a theological oxymoron. Biologically and theologically women
don’t have seed, men do. The seed of the woman—Mary was the only woman who ever lived who carried
in her pregnant child the seed not of a human man but of the Holy Spirit. So God cursed
the bloodline. It had to be done. God got around his own curse by a virgin birth and
now we have two genealogies that bear that out. So he is perfectly man, wholly man, and
as a man he can represent humankind. He can die like a human, only a human can, but as
God he is the perfect, sinless sacrifice. So this genealogy solves the greatest problem
that the Old Testament has to offer. I want to close with this thought. I mentioned that
the genealogy shows us that Jesus is a part of history. It shows us that Jesus is the
fulfillment of prophecy. It shows us that Jesus has the right pedigree. But it also
shows us that Jesus came to save humanity. Let me briefly explain and then we’ll pass
out the elements. If you look at the genealogy that we just read, there are some names in
there that are a really good representation of all of human history and show why Jesus
needed to come. The people that are listed in this genealogical record are not, like,
perfect people. Judah is mentioned in this; he committed incest and adultery. David is
mentioned in this; he committed adultery and murder. Abraham is mentioned in this; he was a liar.
Terah is mentioned in this; he was an idolater. It’s a perfect little microcosm picture of
the problem of humanity in every generation and shows us that Jesus came to save sinners.
I’m not an artist, but if somebody asked me to paint the picture of human history, I would
just get a big ole black can of paint, blackest paint I could find and pour it all over a
white canvas and just make it all black. And I’d hold it up and say, “Here is my fabulous
artwork of human history, Black Paint on Canvas,” and sell it for $15,000. [laughter] But then
I would start in one corner and take the whitest paint I could find, and begin with a little
light streaking from one corner toward the center, and then increase the paint and increase
the light until the bottom is flooded with light. And I would say, “Now that is my depiction
of humanity, human history.” We have a black history. We have a dark history of misdeeds
and sinful deeds generation after generation. Every person is affected and infected, but
Light came into the world. And Jesus is the Light of the World, and in him is the light
of mankind. And it’s my prayer that just through this simple, little, dry genealogy you would
extract the kind of truth tonight that says, “Wow! God’s plan is more profound than I originally
thought,” and allow the Lord’s light to penetrate the darkest spots, the darkest parts of your
life. Let him in. Let him penetrate that dark spot, that dark area, that area you’ve been
struggling with. Let him in. Let the Light penetrate and let his light be the life that
carries you. Let’s bow our heads, and as we do that we’re
going to have a song, and then we’re going to pass out the communion elements. Father,
when we think of a list of names, our mind at some point goes to the book of Revelation,
to the Lamb’s Book of Life. And we’re so thankful that because of one physical genealogy there
is now a spiritual genealogy that includes our name. That because of names like Abraham
and David and others that we read about, and how the Lord Jesus is in that pool, that genealogical
pool identifying with people, identifying with mankind, he came to identify with us.
He came to take our sin and to solve the greatest problem which really was the sin problem in
every generation. We’re so thankful, Lord, that because of that
genealogy there’s another genealogical record where you have written our name in the Lamb’s
Book of Life. Our name is there. You put it there. And no one can snatch us out of your
hand. We thank you for your salvation. We rest in it. We rejoice in it tonight. I pray,
Father, that we would allow the Spirit of God to speak to our hearts in the next few
moments, as we take hold of these elements, you would do a penetrating work where we would
pull off the mask and not hide, Lord, just behind little words or activities, Lord, but
walk in the light as you are in the light, so that the blood of Jesus Christ God’s Son
would cleanse us from all our sin, in Jesus’ name, amen. We’re going to pass out the elements
and we’re going to ask that you just hold onto them till we all have them together,
and then we’ll take them together as a group. [worship music plays] Pastor Brian Nixon: Before we take communion
Pastor Skip has asked a couple of us to share some thoughts. And I want to begin by just
asking you, not to look at me, but to look at the person next to you. Go ahead, look
at the person next to you, and look at the person behind you, and take a gander to your
left, and to your right. And for those of you who are brave enough, you could even stand
up and look down this corridor and see that really there’s thousands of people here. Well,
this past summer Pastor Skip has been telling the story of Calvary Albuquerque, of what
the Lord did in his and Lenya’s heart to bring them from California to the Land of Enchantment.
And did you know Calvary Albuquerque started with four people? Skip, Lenya, Kent Bagdasar,
and an elderly gentleman who never returned. But week after week Pastor Skip got up and
faithfully taught the Bible. [applause] Yes! And more and more people began to gather,
began to surround themselves around the teaching of the Word. And this reminded me of a section
in Acts where the early church experienced a similar phenomenon. And in Acts 2:42 it
says, “And they,” that is, the early Christians, “continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine,”
meaning, the teaching of the Word, “and fellowship, and in the breaking of bread, and in all their
prayers.” And then later on in Acts 2:42 it says, “The Lord added to the church daily.”
You see, the Lord is not finished and wasn’t finished 2,000 years ago in the book of Acts,
and the Lord wasn’t finished with the genealogies of Luke and Matthew, so to speak. Why? Because
we are, to a certain extent, part of that genealogy. Those who have received Jesus Christ as Lord
and Savior are part of God’s family. And so as we gather together breaking bread there’s
two things I want you to ponder: one, the act of communion brings us closer to the Lord.
It’s a memorial whereby we gather around his table, around his sacrifice, around what he
accomplished on yours and my behalf. But, secondly, communion is a way for us to gather
closer to one another, to be a community of believers around a single cause; and that
is, the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. You see, communion is the only factor
in all denominations that we all share. I don’t care if you’re Lutheran or Episcopalian
or Baptist or Nazarene or Pentecostal or any other brand or stripe, but when we come to
the Lord’s table, we are one. And so we have the great privilege of celebrating this very
act. And so I invite you to take this wonderful
communion apparatus, peel back that top layer, and hold up this little wafer, and join me
in prayer. Heavenly Father, we are thankful, so very thankful for what you did on our behalf.
This, Lord, this time, this breaking of the bread is about you. It’s about what you did
on planet earth through people, through your Spirit, so we can be part of that genealogy,
part of that family of God who you are saving and building a kingdom of people. So, Lord,
as we take this bread, we’re reminded of your broken body, we’re reminded of your pure sacrifice
of your goodness towards us, but we’re also reminded, Lord, of our love for one another
and the unity we have in you. So we take this bread, Lord, in the power of your Spirit,
rejoicing and thanking you for what you have done, and we pray this in Christ’s name. And
let’s all partake together. Pastor Nathan Heitzig: Before we take the
juice I want to take a moment to think about what the shedding of Christ’s blood means
for you and I. When Jesus Christ hung on the cross, when he shed his blood, every sin that’s
ever been committed was put upon his shoulders. He tasted death for you and I. He was forsaken
for you and I. And so just a second ago Brian had you look around at everyone that was here.
For a second I want you to look inward at every sin you’ve ever committed, every bad
thing that you’re ashamed of, the things you don’t want the person next to you to know
about, the things you don’t want to person in front of you or behind you, the things
you don’t want the person in that corridor to know about. Think about all those things,
all those sins. Now combine those with all the sins of every
person here in this amphitheater. Combine those with all the sins of everyone here in
Albuquerque, of everyone here in New Mexico, of everyone in the United States, of everyone
in the world—all those sins Jesus Christ took upon himself for you. He became in that
moment the most wretched, disgusting, vile creature that had ever been on earth as he
became sin for us. We heard about lineages tonight. Jesus Christ took upon himself the
sins of his fathers, the sins of the future: Adam’s apple, Cain’s murder, Noah’s drunkenness,
David’s adultery, Abraham’s lying. But he didn’t stop there. He went to the future.
Every Jew that Adolf Hitler burnt, every child molested, every marriage vow broken, every
porno purchased, every lie told, every filthy thing that we think about Jesus Christ took
those sins upon himself. And when he shed his blood, his blood covers
that multitude of sins. And so as we take this, I want you to take a moment of introspection
and look in your life, look at the sins in your life, maybe the things that you have
yet to confess to Lord, the things that you’re ashamed of. And I want to take a moment before
we take this juice for you privately to pray to the Lord and ask God to forgive you for
those sins, ask the Lord to cover you, and to wash you white as snow. “Come now, let
us reason . . . though your sins are red like scarlet, I will wash them white as snow.”
Let’s make that true for our lives tonight. As we peel back the top layer of our little
packet and reveal the juice, in a second we’re going to sing these words one more time: “Nothing
but the blood of Jesus.” I want you as we take this juice and as we
sing these lyrics, remember that it is by nothing but the blood of Jesus Christ that
you can be called sons and daughters of God. Amen, church? And so tonight as we take this
juice we’re going to stand up and we’re going to sing and we’re going to rejoice in the
sacrifice of Jesus. We’re going to rejoice in the sanctification of saints. We’re going
to rejoice in our salvation, because it is not by our good works, it is not by the things
that we have done, but it is by the blood of Jesus Christ that we are saved. Amen? Amen.
Lord, we thank you so much for your blood that you sacrificed so willingly for our sins.
And, Lord, as we take it, we ask that you would continue to sanctify us, Lord, that
we would be more and more turned into your image as we seek to completely give ourselves
over to your will, in Jesus’ name we pray, amen. Let’s take the juice. If you’ve missed any of our Expound studies,
all of our services and resources are available at

So the problem is that one word — tou — is used throughout Luke 3:23-38 to trace from Joseph to Adam. Tou might have dual meanings, but the original texts give no indication as to when tou means blood-genetic son, son-in-law, or another kind of social or figurative son. Indeed, Luke 3:38, has "Adam tou God", which adds to the uncertainty regarding the usage of "tou."

This is an interesting perspective on Luke's genealogy, but there is a major hiccup in his presentation. At 17:56, Skip turns to the genitive article "tou", and claims that tou is not used with Joseph (legal father of Jesus). The suggestion is that Joseph son-in-law of Heli is given in the text. This is not the case. In both the Greek texts Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus, "tou" is exclusively used from Joseph back to Adam. That is, in Luke 3 "Joseph tou Heli" (verse 23) to "Seth tou Adam" (verse 38). This use of "tou" includes the blood father-son relationships that are found in Matthew (eg. "Isaac tou Abraham" Luke 3 v 34; "David tou Jesse" Luke 3 vv 31-32).

The more they dance, the dizzier they get. The facts are very clear: 1. There are no maternal genealogies in the Bible. None. This was a hard-and-fast rule. Land inheritance had nothing to do with genealogies, and the story of Heli adopting Joseph is not true anyway. It is not in the Bible or anywhere else. It is all MADE UP. 2. There is no Mary in Luke's genealogy. She is not there, period. If the author of Luke wanted to break from the hard-and-fast rule of genealogies he would have told us so. Don't get fooled by this pastor's play on words regarding the word 'son.' In other passages a son could be a descendant but in a generation-by-generation genealogy a son was a son. No two ways about that. This pastor is not being honest.

Just a point of accuracy in case some listeners are allowing themselves to get deceived: Read 2 Samuel 7:12-16. This is about Solomon. God promised an eternal Israelite kingdom through Solomon, not through Nathan. That's another reason why you should throw Luke's genealogy out the window. God's genealogy was through Solomon, not through Nathan, and it was supposed to last "forever." That was God's grand scheme, but it did not work out that way. This genealogy ended in 586 BCE. God cursed it. I know this is hard to take, but that is what the Bible says. Listen to the Bible, not to phony pastors. Listen to the truth, and the truth shall set you free.

This man doesn’t know what he is talking about
Psalms 132:11
YAHOWAH hath sworn in truth unto David;
he will not turn from it;
Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne.


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