POLITICAL THEORY – Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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100

POLITICAL THEORY – Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Modern life is deeply attracted to the idea of progress in the 18th century as European societies became ever richer and more technological, the conventional view was that mankind was firmly set on a positive trajectory from savagery and ignorance toward prosperity and civilization. But there was at least one …

Jesus as a Philosopher of Kindness
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100

Jesus as a Philosopher of Kindness

We are so used to thinking of Jesus as a divinity whom we accept or reject on the basis of faith that we are apt to miss a far more relevant detail: that he was an extremely acute philosopher, whose rules on human conduct maintain a deep and ongoing applicability. …

The Secrets of Happiness – in 60 Seconds
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100

The Secrets of Happiness – in 60 Seconds

The secrets of happiness 1. Stop being so hopeful Expect that most things are going to go wrong marriage, job, holidays, kids Look at the glass half empty and then feel grateful Whenever things aren’t quite catastrophic 2. Stop ranting about how awful other people are Most annoying people aren’t …

Why ‘Happiness’ is a useless word – and an alternative
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100

Why ‘Happiness’ is a useless word – and an alternative

Eudaimonia is an Ancient Greek word, particularly emphasised by the philosophers Plato and Aristotle, that deserves wider currency because it corrects the shortfalls in one of the most central, governing but insufficient terms in our contemporary idiom: happiness. When we nowadays try to articulate the purpose of our lives, it …

The Fear of Happiness
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100

The Fear of Happiness

Given how much we all long to be happy, we might presume that accepting the possibility of happiness in our lives would be an uncomplicated, serene and automatic process. But for many of us, however theoretically attached we might be to the notion of being happy, the possibility of actually …

The Wisdom of Pessimism
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100

The Wisdom of Pessimism

This is going to be a very bad film. It will teach you nothing. You’ll wonder at the end where those few minutes of your life have gone. You’ll feel bitter, resentful, and increasingly furious. Now, that’s a tiny example of what pessimism can do for you. It prepares you …

EASTERN PHILOSOPHY – The Buddha
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100

EASTERN PHILOSOPHY – The Buddha

The story of the Buddha’s life, like all of Buddhism, is a story about confronting suffering. He was born between the sixth and fourth century B.C., the son of a wealthy king in the Himalayan foothills of Nepal. It was prophesied that the young Buddha — then called Siddhartha Gautama …

Why Religious Beliefs Aren’t Just Silly
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100

Why Religious Beliefs Aren’t Just Silly

From a distance, it can all seem very silly. These people have gone to Lourdes, in the foothills of the Pyrenees, in the hope that the Virgin Mary might cure them of cancer and heart disease. These people have gone to Medjugorje in Bosnia Herzegovina to pray they might get …

HISTORY OF IDEAS – Monasticism
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100

HISTORY OF IDEAS – Monasticism

We’ve come to see living on our own or in a small family unit of our own as a key step in growing up; it’s the dominant image we have of adult existence. So, monasticism, which involves unmarried people working and living together in highly organized communities, can seem very …

PHILOSOPHY – Hegel
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100

PHILOSOPHY – Hegel

Georg Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart in 1770. Intellectually he was adventurous, but in externals, respectable, conventional, and proud of it. He ascended the academic tree and reached the top most branch, head of the University of Berlin, when he was sixty years old; he died the following year. …