Nationalism political ideology

Nationalism political ideology
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5



this tutorial discusses nationalism as a political ideology and how this has been manifested in terms of political parties both in the past and in the present and I'm talking both about nationalism in terms of its impact on mainstream political culture or political thought maybe and also extremist form extremists forms of nationalism and of course fascism being one where the the core ideas of nationalism are taking to their logical extremes but let's start with just the key values and the start of nationalism so key values than being the nation or an organic community self-determination identity politics these two gentlemen quite important for the development of nationalism as a political ideology johann gottfried von herder and Giuseppe Mazzini for how they argued that each nation possesses a folk skies the national spirit which provides the people with a creative impulse which is a form of almost mystifying the nation if you will and Giuseppe Mazzini was really important in the formation of Italian independence and discussed how the nation consists of sublimated individuals endowed with the right to self-determination so here's an explicit political project the idea that self-determination is expressed through the nation as a political identity and let's expand on that so the nation United them we're talking about language religion history culture we're talking about a sense of organic community again this idea that the sum is greater than its part and also that humankind is really naturally divided into nations that are separate and distinct this type of group ISM then where we're a single group is homogeneous and distinct from others it clearly externally bounded so you can see clearly the BA we're one nation end and another start and that this should be the basis for self-determination and this is articulated through through really taking Russell's idea about the general will and saying that this general will is expressed through the nation so the nation becomes the vehicle through which the general will manifests and then of course if you go that far than the step to arguing that a nation will naturally seek independence is not terribly far and that also leads to the conclusion that well then the nation state is arguably the highest and most desirable form of political organization because it has a cultural cohesion and a political unity that comes naturally to this entity so as you can see this is very much about identity and identity politics that's that's inherent emotionalism it's it's a really important national identity becomes the front and center of the political organization and in that sense it really forges social bonds and a collective spirit and a sense of destiny for this community the nation referring back again to resource idea about the general will and what we have here is really the essentialist idea of nationhood the primordial list nation idea of nation it turned into a political project so we have a history that starts out this is the idea how the nationalist ideological tradition thinks about history that it starts out with a set of distinct homogeneous societies that are all isolated from each other and separate from each other and easily identifiable and you can easily be be categorized distinguished from each other so during those days then the logic goes each culture was original and pure and there was no real mixing between these and the problem then from contemporary society comes from people from different incompatible cultures mixing this notion that some cultures can't be combined is also quite strong here in this conceptualization of course this is an ideology if we look to things like archaeology there is nothing indicating that any of these ideas can be substantiated there there's plenty of evidence saying that people have always moved between different regions of the world and there is really no evidence to suggest that that our culture has once been pure but this this really but it's important to keep these ideas in mind to understand how this ideology then has translated into practical potent politics so these principles and these ideas have been very important for nationalist political projects and of course I have to discuss the dark side of nationalism so the these ideas taken to their extreme conclusion and that would of course be fascism being the best example of that key values here being anti rationalism struggle leadership and elitism I put socialism and you'll find why in a moment and militant nationalism as well so these two gentlemen of course being two of the primary ideological founding fathers of this benito mussolini who argued that the state really is the universal ethical will that has that is embodied through totalitarianism and that without a state human values can't really exist so for him the state was really the embodiment of the nation and and he was the state which i'm sure was convenient for him adolf hitler who bound together expansionist nationalism with anti-semitism and this belief in a relentless struggle and self-sacrifice the way he about it though mostly was other people's doing the sacrificing a to a party program so let's explore this a little bit further in the core perspectives of this first we have negativism anti rationalism anti capitalism and that's where I tap into the commonality to socialism we have to remember that both Bo's aleni and Hitler actually thought of themselves as a type of socialist even though of course other socialists will disagree with this quite emphatically and understandably there is still a commonality here in anti capitalism that should not be neglected also the strong social Darwinist quality of fascism is important to acknowledge this embracing strength of body and will let's go through both so we've already I've already talked about how there is this idea of primordial essence and of course fascism takes this to next new extreme by appeals to nativist myths about blood or race or Foulke and romanticizing human nature and particularly romanticizing the past bluetooth Bolden as the Nazis used to say blood and soil strength through unity and also it's a very strongly anti rationalist sentiment going through fascism it's Nietzschean and it's it's Russo and in some sense not saying that Russo would have been a fascist but certainly that fascists were inspired by his critique of rationalism and the Enlightenment it's very much Stormont wrong in the sense that you're supposed to feel fascism not think it it's a an ideology of action not philosophy and finally then I as I mentioned it's anti-capitalist fascists consider capitalism to be bad thing capitalism is consumerism its materialism which undermines the collective spirit of the nation so unlike socialists then who consider capitalism a problem because of the inherent power relationships between the upper-class and the proletariat fascists consider a capitalism problem because it is degenerative to the spirit of the nation which is a quite different framing of course now and I've added here this this Nazi coin inscription common good before before crime private good just to emphasize that there is this self-image of being the carrier of the common good and I wanted to give some extra emphasis here to the social Darwinist dimension of fascism this emphasis on willpower this notion that through struggle and war the Foulke will be strengthened and purified Mussolini's quote here is really illuminating war is to men what eternity is to women this focus on leadership and elitism and of course ubermensch the Nietzschean ubermensch who rises above conventional morality in other words all those those ideas that you shouldn't kill you shouldn't steal you should yeah that's for others lesser lesser beings if you will for the ubermensch is so strong as to have shattered this conventional morality and can do anything and this embraces also this idea of militant nationalism that national regeneration is born through expansionism through struggle through war might makes right is really the point here that the winner can can really set the standards for everyone else and by that logic of course then national regeneration of prestige is also expressed through military power the bigger the military power you have the stronger your nation is and this is closely tied to the idea of that power in the international arena is really a zero-sum game there is no possibility of peaceful coexistence so let's strike the others before they can strike us and conquer them that's the the principle going in to how how the fascist would argue the self-image then of the fascist is the perfect predator the perfect warrior who there dies the beautiful death on the battlefield or returns home bringing glory to the nation his nation of course because it's always men now I'm just going to finish here by pointing out how these ideas of nationalism in general still appear in public space and just to show here I have shown I have done arrows going from both fascism and these other ideas political nationalism to this frame because we whether or not all of these parties are actually fascist in nature can really be discussed but they certainly draw upon as the ideological heritage of nationalism and even its extreme forms to some extent and here is just a list really of of all the political parties in Europe that are informed by these ideas of the nation as something that was once upon a time original and pure and how the troubles that plague our society today is is the fact that nations no longer are pure but are starting to mix with other as they would say incompatible cultures so we have slums belong in Belgium from national in France the British National Party the freedom party in Austria the Danish People's Party in Denmark the Sweden Democrats in Sweden the True Finns in Finland – in Hungary and lay inordinately and all these parties are talking about in nationalism in that this sense and and primordial ISM the primordial ism of the nation but and even beyond politics these ideas still appear and I've included a picture here of a recent blockbuster and I'll leave it to you to think about how these ideas manifest in that film so this was a tutorial then on nationalism as a political ideology

I don't understand how Nationalism is far right wing. Like people say. Nationalism principles; is about protecting ones culture. Keeping others out. The state has more control. That's not right wing. Extreme right wing is anarchism. No rule of law. Meaning less of a state enforcing rules and laws.

What we think about this subject: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugaI-8t44s4 Among many other thoughts.

Solid tutorial. Hellstrom, have you read Heywood'd Political Ideologies? It's an undergraduate text book, but still makes good reading. 

Thank you so much, I am writing an essay "what is the political significance of Nationalism today?" and I found this really helpful.

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Tales of demons and gods 252 [ENGLISH SUBTITLE]
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Tales of demons and gods 252 [ENGLISH SUBTITLE]

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